The Nava Ratras (with video on Yajnya)

The Nava Ratras
Manifestation of Shri Nava Durga
*-Dr Chaman Lal Raina

 The Devi, who is adored as Durga is manifested with her effulgence in the form of Shakti. She can be seen through the TATTVA DARSHNA, which is the knowledge of the COSMIC EVOLUTION. When the Devi is approached in the form of Murti, then She appears to be the Sukumari-- Tripura Sundari--the mother of beauty and excellence.
----Uma Sahsram 6.9


In the Vedas , thou art present as emotions,
In the Tantras, thou are inherent in sound,
In the Shabra , thou art present in the ritual
In the Satat Mantra, thou art the essence itself.
----Uma Sahsram20.17
(Shabramantra is related to the ritualistic form of worship and the Satat mantra is the Japam)

A Vedic Mantra helps us to undetstand the beauty of the Nava Ratra. The Vedas say: एकं सद्विप्रा बहुधा वदन्ति।

This famous quotation is from the Rigveda 1-164.46 . Sanatana Dharma/Hindu Religion teaches that the Divine can be approahed through various ways. Truth is One, but the men of intellect describe that Truth, variously. What we perceive Ishvara in the Vedas is the Brahman of the Upanishadas. Devi Atharva Shirsha speaks of the Divine as the Mother of the Universe.The Puranas speak of Brahman as Purusha and Prakriti, of Shiva and Shakti, of Vishnu and Lakshmi. In popular Hinduism, Ishvara is revred as the Ganesha,Vishnu, Shiva,Shakti and the Surya, known as the Panchayatan Puja. The Puranik theology helps the Hindus to revere the Divine as Father and Mother both

The most popular hymn of revereance is:
tvameva maata cha pitaa tvameva/त्वमेवमाताचपितात्वमेव

ञ्चमं स्कन्दमातेतिषष्टंकात्यायनीतिच।
वमम् सिद्धिदात्रीचनवदुर्गाप्रकीर्तिताः।

Some worship Devi--the Divine Mother in the form of Shila/rock/earthly existence and some in the Yantra/sacred Geometry and some in the Chakra/Mandalas. Some adore Durga in the Matrikas. Popularly the Divine Mother is worshipped in the form of Shri Durga, who is none else but the संवित् समन्वय रूप--conscious integration of Maha Kali, Maha Lakshmi and Maha Saraswati. To focus on Shri Durga in the Triadic form in One Devi, is verily, an invocation to the Nava Durga. Chakreshwara Puja Viddhi is considered to be the Trayi-Rahasya Puja, as the very theme of the Chakreshvara Puja is the Sapta Shati Hridayam. Hridayam in Sanskrit language means the secret, occult, and the essence.

Below is given the essence of the Hridayam Puja / invocation to the Sapta Shati Durga:
"AUM Aim hrim klim chaamundaayai namah". These are the "Nine seed-syllables "of the Divine Mother Shri durga"

1. The Devi is to be invoked at the early dawn, after witnessing/ having Darshana the Prana Pratishta of the Shaila Putri.Shaila Putri is the Divine Mother Sharika. Shailaputri is in the mystic spring at Baramulla area of Ksshmir.The whole world is the very breath of Shri Sharika. It is the physical conscience of the Divine Mother that Shri Chakra is manifested as the Svayambhu Chakra. She is truly Parvati, the consort of Shiva.Its color is crimson, the earth is her Tattva, and She abides in the MooladharaChakra. Her subtle Mantra is लं Lam. It is also known as the abode of Shri Ganesha.She is invoked on the Pratipada-the first day of the Nava Ratra.

2. Bhrahmacharini is the cosmic vibration to be felt within Sadhana. The whole cosmic phenomenon is to be realized through the grace of Brhmacharini on the second day. She abides in the Svaddhishthhana Chakra. Its nature is related to the waters. Verily, She is Shri Ragnya Bhagavati. She is invoked on the Dvitiya-the second day of the Nava Ratra. Her subtle Mantra is वं Vam.

3. Chandraghanta is the cosmic sound ॐ ऐं AUM/Aim to understand the creation, sustenance and dissolution within Absolute. Bijaksharas are the vibrating forces to feel the vibrations. She abides in the Manipura Chakra. Its nature relates to the forces of stimulating the senses of form and color. Chandra ghanta is invoked on the Tritiya-the third day of the Nava Ratra. . Her subtle Mantra is रं Ram.

4. Kushmanda is the universal seed, which is ever conscious. This is the Shudha Vidya aspect of the Shri Chandi. She abides in the Anahat Chakra. Its nature is Shiva and Shakti and its subtle Mantra is यं/ Yam. She is invoked on the Chaturthi-the fourth day of the Nava Ratra.

5. Skandamata is the mother of Kumara Kartikeya. She is the power of existence. The Skandamata is the force behind the Skanda--Kumara Kartikeya to annihilate the Rakshasa. Her abode is the Ajna Chakra. It is the union of Shiva and Shakti. She is the source of the sacred movements of speech. She is the Sarasvati / Sharada aspect of the Divine Mother. She is invoked on the Panchami-the fifth day of the Nava Ratra.

6. Katyayani is the daughter of the Katyayana Rishi. She is the mother of excellence, the inner beauty, the inspiration and supreme understanding. She is the Mother of the VAK-the supreme word AUM/ OM of the Vedas or 'Aim' of the Tantra. She is invoked on the Shashti-the sixth day of the Nava Ratra.

7. Kalaratri abides in the Sahsra -ara Chakra, the thousand petalled Chakra. She is what the devotee wants to achieve for understanding the truth behind the dark night. She is the Time Eternal. She is infinite in nature and moves ahead to look forward for Usha-the dawn of life. Usha is the associating deity of the Kala Ratri. Kalaratri is invoked on the Saptami-the seventh day of the Nava Ratra

8. Mahagauri is having the effulgence of the golden hue. She is what the Hiranya garbha exists for. She activates the Kundalini Shakti within. She abides in the Moola Trikona/ the Primal triangle of the Shri Chakreshvara,which is the Chakraraja Chakra. She is invoked on the Ashtami-the eighth day of the Nava Ratra. She is the Presiding Deity of the Durgashtami.

9. Siddhidhatri is all perfection. It is the Prakasha/l eternal ight and Vimarsha/power of understanding woven together in the higher realms of the Divine Mother. Sidhidhatri is measureless. She structures the whole universe through her grace of being in the Brahmarandra and passing through नाडि-यन्त्र / nerve channels of Yoga. She is unborn . She is Purna Prakriti. She is

स्वाहा स्वधा वषट्कार/Svaha--an invocation to the DEevatas and Svadha--an offering to the manes.. She is Vashatkara--the mystic syllable and sound. And above all, Shri Durga is the source of life for Brahma, the creator. She is All realms of existence. She is the Mother of the Universal flux.

A Homa is being conducted to offer the Ahuti of unbroken rice, sesame, ghee, barley with the recitation of the Seven Hundred Shlokas, after doing the Kanya Puja , on the Ashtami Tithi/ day. On the Navami 1/10th of the Tarpana is to be offered and 1/10 th of the Japam is to be offered to the Divine Mother Shri Chandi,during the Agamic YAJNYA/ Havana.

The principal Deity of the Nava Ratra is Shri Chandi. Being an aggregate of the Nine forms of energies

Chandi Homa Yajnya video

The video represents a synopsis of the Chandi Homa Yajnya. In all seven hundred Shlokas of the Saptashati are to be recited during the Aahuti offered to Shri Durga.

Great Prices on Digital Cameras and Accessories The Mantrik word is said to be the "SAMPUTA Shabda" according to the Shakta point of view. How?

Samputa means sacred within A & a . Hence Devatas are adored as the Aditya, as all the Devatas have been created through the IchhaShakti of Hiranya Garbha. The Devi Atharva Shirsha speaks of Twelve adityas, which govern the solar system and keep the universal flux in seed/ Adi Bija, sound / Adi shabda and syllable/ adi Akshara, through the Prakash--Eternal light.

The Devi bhagwatam and theMarkandeya purana say about the Rahasya Traya of the Devi Mahishasura Mardini. The Devi reveals her own nature herself. This is the beauty about the secret of the Maha Maya.


“I am Mother Durga-the Divine Energy. You can have my Saakshat/communion, through the Vision of Medha Rishi.


I am Chandi Devi–the Durga Sapta Shati, and can be seen through devotion. The narration of the Medha Rishi is the Divine revelation, as I myself revealed myself to the Rishi.


King Suratha is just the Rajasic incarnation. Samadhi Vaishya is but a Divine observation, who excelled in his devotion. I am vital breath in all the creatures, and I fill the universe with celestial treasures. I alone exist, Shiva could perceive it in his Tandava dances. Markandeya understood the nature of perception , mental fluctuations,and observed my being in touch, taste, smell, sight and sound, which are merely the body functions,to maintain rhythm and balance of the physical emotions.


I myself am the Atman/ Brahman. I am the eternal spirit revered as Vishnu Maya, though I am Unborn. But I am omnipresent and omniscient. I am Maha Kali-the eternal Time and time based trigger. Measure of the time, is my Lila. I create aeons, years, months, nights and days. I rise with glaciers, peaks and beautiful valleys. Devotees can find me in mountains, jungles and trees, in the Shailaputri manifestation. I am the graphics of the universe. I am curve, triangle, square and process of reduction, in the Yantras. I paint with Divine brush and cosmic colors, to give Shades and tones to the manifestation, which is Prakriti. The realms of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva,are just the glimpses of my Ichha Shakti/Primal thought. Thus I am revered as the First Brahmacharini.


Being Durga, I am Existent the Eternal one. I am embodiment of creation, sustenance and dissolution. I am visible to Markandeya’s intuitive vision, which is the Yogic Trinetra.


It was because of my will power that the Rishis deciphered Devi Beeja Mantra in syllable, word and meter, who adored me with the Gayatri- Anushtup- Ushnik meter.


Dressed me in various colorful robes,


The Devatas offered 36 weapons and missiles in my hands.and a lion was presented to me , to be my vehicle by the Himalayas.


All the Divine forces saw me manifested in Nine Virgin forms.Thus I am adored as the Nava Durga.


I alone gave a vital breath to Lord Vishnu and Ananta serpent was his couch then,. He was commissioned to give birth to Brahma through his naval root, Simultaneously Madhu and Kaitabha were born and seen by Brahma. They were born of Vishnu’s ear –wax, and hastened to kill Lord Brahma.

I bring luminosity around the globe, through the Ananda Nritya of Shiva. It is just a twinkle of my eye, to keep Nine planets in harmony and movement.
Brihaspati is my intellect, Shukra is my ego, and I keep Surya as statis.


I am the Eternal Seed, in the form of Lalita-- the emotive Motherhood.
“Aham Brahmasmi, Tat Tvam Asi” is my revelation.


“I am revered as Kushmanda, being Saraswati, preferring beauty".


I took birth to fulfill the dream of Kashyapa, as Parvati


I was born as the daughter of the Himalaya and I am revered as Ganesha’s Mother Girija


For certain, I am the Maha Gauri, Maha Vidya.


I can not be attained through Philosophic reason, for I am the Siddhi dhatri myself


This universe is but a drop of dew, created by me for sustenance.


I again and again am born as Nava Durga


Some praise me with the words, as prescribed in the Sapta Shati Puja.

Some pray me for peace and prosperity.

Some adore me to arouse Kundalini.

I am Durga -Mother of the fame, some adore me with Thousand flames and some with Seven hundred celestial Names.

But I am only Nine Syllabled One Call me Durga, the Mother of vibration.

*Dr. Chaman Lal Raina did Masters in Hindi & English. Ph.D. in Hindi & Iqbaliat at the University of Kashmir. Worked on the research project at the Iqbal Institute for writing monographs on Indology as Research Associate. Worked as lecturer to teach research methodology in Iqbal Institute, University of Kashmir. Dr. Raina's first love is for the Vedas and the Shakti Tradition of India. To his credit goes some ten books on Indology. He was awarded Nagmani Fellowship, Buddhist Fellowship etc. from various Institutions. Presently Dr. Raina is associated with the Yoga Studies, religion and sanskrit at Florida International University, USA.

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Very informative and uplifting article on Maa Durga. Pictures are great and the video brings back the memories of Kashmir. Thanks Shehjar for bringing these articles for us. Maa Durga bless you all.
Added By Manav Kaul
Nice article on the significance of Nava Ratras in Hindu religion. The video on Chandi Homa Yajnya was also very nice. Thanks Shehjar for bringing such beautiful articles to keep our culture and traditions alive.
Added By Ashok Dhar